Cannabis for medicinal purposes has been legal in Canada for quite some time now. Operating under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR), licensed producers have been growing cannabis legally to provide for Canada’s growing patient base.
Just how is medical cannabis grown?
Most medical marijuana is grown hydroponically in indoor facilities. It’s carefully regulated, and many producers have strict quality controls to ensure the highest grade possible for the patients who depend on them.
A Standard Medical Cannabis Farm
Facilities that grow cannabis for medicinal purposes are often referred to as farms, although they may not look like a farm from the outside. Given the harsh and changeable Canadian climate, few licensed producers would take the chance of planting their crops outside in the soil, where they could be easily ruined.
Instead, most medical marijuana is grown indoors. Think of it as being similar to greenhouse farming, which provides Canadian-grown crops like tomatoes and flowers all year round. The same idea applies to cannabis. Patients still need their medications in the winter, so licensed producers must be able to meet supply all year long. Indoor growing facilities give them this option.
Some producers will grow their plants in a soil-like medium. The plants are grown under artificial light, and they’re given fertilizer at the same time as they’re given water. Other producers use a hydroponic system, which eliminates the need for soil or a soil-like medium.
In hydroponic production, the plants have their roots exposed to a mineral nutrient solution. In both kinds of production, the plants can be exposed to light 24 hours a day, which expedites the growing process. This means more crops grow sooner, so the producer can be sure they’re keeping up with demand from Canada’s growing patient base.
Why Grow Inside?
Growing any plant indoors is typically more complicated, and growing medical cannabis is no exception to the rule. The plants need more carbon dioxide (CO2), which requires the producer to carefully monitor the atmosphere inside the growing facility. The plants also create an odour and can cause mould, so it’s important for producers to properly ventilate the area.
There are many advantages to growing indoors, however, which is why many providers prefer it. First, the atmosphere can be carefully monitored to improve growing conditions for the plants. Water and nutrients can also be provided more readily. The temperature and light conditions can be closely monitored and kept in an optimal range.
This allows the plants to grow more quickly and produce more often than they would outside. It also protects them from damaging elements, such as drought, high heat, thunderstorms, and hail. Finally, it also makes producing medical cannabis in Canada on a year-round basis possible, where the outdoor growing season would otherwise be limited to about two or three months of the year.
Licensed Producers Have Strict Standards
Producers of medical marijuana have more than just crop maximization on their minds. They’re also thinking about the quality of the product they can provide to Canada’s growing medical cannabis patient base.
Growing inside allows the growth condition of each and every plant to be carefully monitored and optimized. This level of monitoring and attention ensures the plants are going to produce the highest quality cannabis for Canadian patients.
Licensed producers also have strict standards enforced by Health Canada to ensure the cannabis produced meets patient needs. This reduces the variation seen in recreational strains of cannabis, which can range widely in terms of their cannabinoid content, quality, and other factors.
Canadian producers have become some of the most renowned producers of medical cannabis in the world. The careful attention and techniques used allow licensed producers to deliver quality medical cannabis to Canadian patients.